Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Greater happiness for a greater number Essay Example for Free

More prominent bliss for a more prominent number Essay 1. Significant qualities and shortcomings of this objective. a.â Major Strengths I feel that the meaning of satisfaction introduced in the talk is straightforward and elegant.â what's more, I believe that the very endeavor to address the issue of joy is fundamental and should shape the premise of brain research. b.â Major Weaknesses While I concur that brain research ought to have bliss as the ideal mental state from which to address patient’s emotional wellness issues, I think there are a few shortcomings in the way to deal with decide how to get clientsâ€or individuals when all is said in done, to see precisely what establishes joy. 2. Significant individual bits of knowledge picked up In the wake of looking into the talk materials and much idea, I thought that it was intriguing that the way to deal with joy is constrained distinctly to â€Å"physical† considerationswhen it is apparent that individuals who have all the physical solaces and favorable circumstances are not the most upbeat. 3. Individual and expert application (assuming any) of a portion of the substance. a. Individual use of a portion of the substance While I view myself as a cheerful individual, I think it is fundamentally from the point of view of being lucky to have met my physical needs (positive condition, beneficial encounters, status, assets). Nonetheless, I’m turning out to be progressively mindful that these things don't solely decide bliss. b. Proficient utilization of a portion of the substance  I am worried that while all the methodologies bomb by similarity to characterize man as a creature, they despite everything call him one. Man isn’t just a creature. Why?â Animals come up short on the capacity to have, communicate and fulfill these requirements (e.g., a creature can’t make an ensemble, or make art).â Also, creatures don't execute or make issues for different creatures for reasons of jealousy, abhor or jealousyâ€only people do.â I plan to think about the substance, yet to investigate and conceivably help to grow new thoughts regarding how to help people address their necessities by first understanding that they are as of now complete human beingsâ€no matter their conditions, who basically look for different approaches to communicate. Until we comprehend this we can’t help society. 4. Respond to significant regions of intrigue After some idea about Freud and Maslow’s approaches I started to feel that the blemishes in these two methodologies penetrate all ways to deal with a â€Å"model† of bliss. Every single significant methodologies are without otherworldliness, or the possibility that man is in excess of a creature with physical requirements. I feel that man is a profound being that is satisfying or communicating, through his body, in light of more elevated level needs. I feel that this methodology keeps people unhappy.â Why?â We propagate the legend that just through getting physical things, or outside conditions would we be able to accomplish happiness.â I need to make constructive brain science the foundation of my clinical methodology, and utilize instructing models perfect with a region I feel needs more investigation: how to affect individuals experiencing torment, to build their joy possible paying little heed to their â€Å"physical† (social, financial, and so on.) con ditions.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Case study based assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Based task - Case Study Example Unexpected herniation through the foramen magnum (back of the skull) is lethal (Kennedy, 2001). Expanded ICP is characterized as a continued height in pressure above 20mm of Hg/cm of H20. The craniospinal cavity might be considered as an inflatable. During moderate increment in volume in a nonstop mode, the ICP raises to a level at which the expansion level of CSF assimilation stays up with the increment in volume. Irregular development causes just a transient ascent in ICP from the outset. At the point when adequate CSF has been assimilated to suit the volume the ICP comes back to ordinary. Development to a basic volume does anyway cause steady raise in ICP, which from there on increments logarithmically with expanding volume. The ICP at long last ascents to the degree of blood vessel pressure, which it self starts to build (Thamburaj, 2004). Raised ICP causes blood vessel hypertension, bradycardia (Cushing's reaction) and respiratory changes. It is generally acknowledged that hypertension and bradycardia are because of ischaemia or weight on the brainstem. There is likewise a proposal that they could be because of evacuation of supratentorial hindrance of brainstem vasopressor focuses because of cerebral ischaemia and that bradycardia is autonomous of the ascent in circulatory strain. The respiratory changes rely upon the degree of brainstem included. The midbrain contribution results in Chyne-Stokes breath. At the point when midbrain and pons are included, there is continued hyperventilation. There is quick and shallow breath when upper medulla association with ataxic taking in the last stages. Pneumonic edema is by all accounts because of expanded thoughtful movement because of the impacts of raised ICP on the nerve center, medulla or cervical spinal line (Thamburaj, 2004). There are discernible signs that point out that Joyce is for sure experiencing expanded intracranial weight. The most critical of which was the widening of the left eye. It was uncovered in the appraisal information that Joyce's student in the left eye is more noteworthy than her correct eye. This lone shows that there is breaking down in her inward head part or inside the cerebrum, especially in the correct side of her mind. it ought to be noticed that widening of the eyes must be equivalent on the two sides because of ordinary working inside the mind. Furthermore, on the grounds that the left eye's understudy is enlarged more than the correct eye, it must be accepted that there is an extremely solid weight inside the cerebrum, constraining the left eye's student to be widened vigorously. Another critical information that shows that the patient is experiencing raised intracranial weight is her irregular pulse, internal heat level and intracranial weight rates. These three viewpoints are past or potentially under the ordinary furthest reaches of a normal individual. Joyce's circulatory strain is low (the ordinary pulse is 110/70 - 120/80). This must be that there is something incorrectly in her blood flow which can be influenced by the electrolytes and additionally failing of a portion of her body organs, nerves and frameworks. Her internal heat level is past as far as possible which is 37 degree Celsius to 37.5 degree Celsius (Dunn, 2002). Irregular pulse likewise shows that her blood course and body organs are not working appropriately in this way influencing the creation of body heat. Joyce's intracranial weight is likewise high and over the restriction of the typical rate. This mirrors there is an expanded intracr

Wednesday, August 19, 2020

Fitting In

Fitting In So one of the questions that I am frequently asked my prospective students, people from home, and the like is: How do you feel like you fit in at MIT? This is a question that often times arises surrounding the topic of affirmative action in college admissions; however, Ill say right now, were not going there. What I do want to focus on is how in an undergraduate population of approximately four thousand people from all walks of life that such a mixture of people works. So, how do I feel like I fit in? As far as my ethnicity goes, personally, this has always been a really big challenge for me. This would best be explained by describing to you how a typical Thanksgiving dinner at my house. If you were to dine with me and my family, you might get confused and think you were at an international buffet. Now, Im not sure how I break down percentage-wise, but Im part Senegalese, Nigerian, Scottish, Puerto Rican, Panamanian, etc. You get the idea. So its hard for me to often answer the question about how I fit in ethnically at MIT. Ive never really felt out of place, or awkward, but given my background of coming from a family where three languages could be spoken in the house at one instance in time, I think this is somewhat expected of me. I think one thing that always seems to comfort people when theyre in a new place like MIT is having people that somehow reflect or resemble them in some shape or form, and I think students find that here. There are a lot of cultural affinity groups not only for those students of the particular culture, but also students who are interested in learning more about a specific culture as well. You find people who know what platano maduros are or people who know how to bhangra. The same goes for religion. As far as the rest of me goes, I think that yes we all really fit in here at MIT. I really think the bottom line is this. MIT is a very unique amalgam of genius, wit, humor, creativity, culture, and diversity. I will admit that sometimes it takes a while to get accustomed to different dialects from across the world. One of my best friends at MIT is from Minnesota, and they have a different way than me of pronouncing words like root and bag, but then again, I sometimes find myself saying yall. The people here are all really interesting each with their own story to share about who they are, and what they enjoy doing. Similar to my experience, you might end up living in a quad your freshman year where you have roommates who come from Michigan, Florida, and Virginia who all plan on majoring in different departments, all with different sleeping schedules, and all different reasons why they chose MIT. Its really hard to typify what its like being here in a few short words or even words at all because its this strange sensation you get when youre here. When you stroll down the Infinite on your way to class with a friend and you find out something about them that is completely new that just leaves you somewhat floored and amazed to be in a class with them. MIT prides itself in being full of culture and full of diverse thoughts, and they should be. In my opinion, the people here are truly the life blood of the Institute. Without the people, this school would just be four walls and a ceiling (Im not sure if the Stata Center could be explained in such simple terms). So in short, what I wanted to describe to you was my perspective on the student climate here. With so many different communities and places to live, you are sure to find people who share things in common with you albeit tastes in food, favorite reality TV show, to something so simple as what time you like to go to sleep.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Movie Batman Directed By Christopher Nolan, James...

Anti-heroes are depicted as villains in fancy costumes, but I believe they are just heroes doing good behind the bad . I am hoping that I can prove through this report that Anti-heroes are more than just vigilantes, more than a villainous hero. That they re admirable people that just use unjustified methods to save those who need saving. I hope to do this by using the Anti-heroes in the films; Batman directed by Christopher Nolan, James Bond - Casino Royal directed by Martin Cambell, Iron Man directed by Jon Favreau, and Arrow directed and created by D.C. and C.W. The theme I chose is anti-heroes - doing good behind the bad , as I believe that it is important not to depict antiheroes as villains in fancy costumes, that just make†¦show more content†¦This shows me that Anti-heroes tend to put others before themselves. This is because while their label is Anti-hero , it s only a classification which leads you to believe one thing when you could be believing in their actions when you could be perceiving them as someone who is misread and misjudged. I think that they are portrayed and evil , because they know the hardships of loss, and want to prevent it from repeating to those around them. However, the way that these Anti-heroes and Bruce Wayne attempt to prevent this loss are questionable, I believe this is why people tend to second guess that Anti-heroes are real heroes. LINK BACK TO INTRO James Bond - Casino Royal directed by Martin Cambell, is a spy who was brought up as an orphan who doesn’t like to follow the rules or protocol. James gets himself and other into a lot of trouble, as he goes after lead which no one else has discovered yet. After James was promoted to the 007 role, ‘M’ his coordinator told him he was he was going to get himself killed with his recklessness. He replied back with â€Å"Well, I understand double – 0’s have a very short life – expectancy.† This quote shows that even though he knows that he won’t live long, he is still willing to do his job and make the world safer for those who live in it. This is shown in another conversation with ‘M’, where he said â€Å"you knew I wouldn’t let this drop, didn’t you?’ ‘Well, I knew you were you.† Another example is a

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

My Name is Seepeetza by Shirley Sterling Free Essay Example, 1750 words

Sterling provides various instances starting from the beginning of the story, which showcases how Seepeetza fights back throughout her stay at the residential school and overcomes the oppressive authoritarian system as well as the racist evils of the school. The primary theme of the novel is racism and how aboriginal children were treated at a time that believed in the superiority of the white race. Humans are all actually kindred spirits who live through the external bodies attributed to them by the Supreme Being. Thus, these spirits are supposed to recognize each other through their hearts and not through their eyes. However, during those time periods, it was the color of the person that determined how the society perceived him or her, and it is this perception that determined how the individual was to be treated. The saga of Seepeetza, presented in a diary form, with all its little diary entries shows exactly how even children were not exempted from the cruel constructs of the so ciety based upon race, and how they had to lead their lives under scrutiny and ridicule of the authorities in the residential schools. We will write a custom essay sample on My Name is Seepeetza by Shirley Sterling or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Trade Unions and the Industrial Revolution Free Essays

string(258) " entry and even when technological change took place, of preserving jobs for their members and although women were entering the labour market in increasing numbers, there was hostility to women penetrating new areas of work and unions were exclusively male\." Trade Unions had struggled to achieve the freedom to exist in the early stages of the industrial revolution. Provide a critical account of their early developments, noting some of the major changes in their formation and character. A trade union can be described as an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas and working conditions. We will write a custom essay sample on Trade Unions and the Industrial Revolution or any similar topic only for you Order Now They were established around the early eighteenth century and membership was low and most were from within crafting industries but as the success of trade unions became apparent, workers in other industries began to see the benefits of unions to allow them to go from strength to strength and establish themselves in a wider variety of sectors. However, up until the late eighteenth century trade unions were mainly illegal, â€Å"unions were forbidden by special statutes, and they could be proceeded against at common law, for ‘conspiracy in restraint of trade’. † (Derry and Jarman, XXXX, p. 41). Since then, memberships levels, mergers, formations, dissolutions and breakaways, have all had an impact resulting in changes in union formation and character, these can be seen largely through the parliamentary acts that have been passed in relation to it. By examining the various historic triumphs of workers over their employers such as the Match-girls and the London Docker s, it is possible to establish the changes in formation and character and how trade unions managed to pull through the industrial revolution to become such an influential part of society today. One of the first noteable changes was an increase in membership levels because as the employment sector grew with the industrial revolution, workers began to see the opportunities available to them, to improve the quality of their working life by joining trade unions and thus made the effort to form specialized organisations that would protect their interest against exploitive employers. However, in 1799 and 1800 William Pitt, the Prime Minister, passed Combination Laws which made it illegal for workers to join together to pressure their employers for shorter hours and more pay or prevent employers from choosing whom they wish to employ selectively. This made it increasingly difficult for trade unions to even form and as a result they were effectively made illegal. One could say that towards the end of the eighteenth century, tat the journeymen’s societies had developed into trade unions. The Combinations Acts were used infrequently and combinations continued to spread across a variety of occupations and the Acts were repealed in 1824, however, this was followed by an outbreak of strikes and as a result the 1825 Combination Act was passed which again imposed limitations on the right to strike. As a result of this, trade unions were forced to use debate and other more cerebal methods to achieve their goals rather than immediately resorting to violent strikes. Another noteable change in formation amongst trade unions became apparent in 1834 when there was an attempt to establish a Grand National Consolidated Trades’ Union bringing together all the unions but it never attracted general support. From 1830 onwards, attempts were made to set up national general unions to try and widen the movement and increase awareness and involvement, most notably Robert Owen’s Grand National Consolidated Trades Union (GNCTU) in 1834, which gained 250,000 members. Unfortunately it collapsed due to internal strife and lack of funds. Around the same time there was the case of the Tolpuddle Martyrs from one of the GNCTU’s sub divisions, the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers who were sentenced to seven years transportation but a campaign launched for their release had their sentence remitted in 1836. This was the first of its kind and now people were beginning to see a real change and workers interests were being represented more in society and now a large majority of employees belonged to trade unions. More permanent trade unions were established from the 1850s, based on â€Å"new aims and a better organization for the new Unions of better-paid workers. † (Derry and Jarman, XXXX, p. 146). In 1851 the Amalgamated Society of Engineers was formed after sever local and sectional engineering unions merged together (Blackboard, 2008). This society formed a new organisation of trade unionism which was followed by Carpenters and Joiners and other trade unions. These unions were â€Å"respected by employers because they hand money in the bank and prudence as their first principle†. They had a cautious industrial policy and used strikes as a last resort. (Derry and Jarman, XXXX, p. 146). The new Liberal government headed by William Gladstone saw The Trade Union Congress campaigning for the Minority Report, the campaign was successful and the 1871 Trade Union Act was based largely on the Minority Report. This act secured the legal status of trade unions. As a result of this legislation no trade union could be regarded as criminal because â€Å"in restraint of trade†; trade union funds were protected. Although trade unions were pleased with this act, they were less happy with the Criminal Law Amendment Act passed the same day that made picketing illegal. Trade unions also went through many amalgamations and legal changes, for example, until 1850, unions had been involved primarily in local affairs (with the exception of the miners) but from the middle of the century, the growth of railways meant that communications were easier and amalgamations began to take place. The engineering industry was in the lead and the Amalgamated Society of Engineers (ASE) was established in 1850. It modelled itself on the friendly society, providing unemployment, sickness and disablement benefits and a funeral allowance. Certain other merging unions – for example in woodworking and tailoring – followed the ASE’s model but others kept their friendly society and trade sections separate. And many local societies remained; even the national unions still gave much autonomy to branches and districts and there was a constant danger of breakaways. The model was still predominantly about the protection of craft status, with the aim of limiting entry and even when technological change took place, of preserving jobs for their members and although women were entering the labour market in increasing numbers, there was hostility to women penetrating new areas of work and unions were exclusively male. You read "Trade Unions and the Industrial Revolution" in category "Papers" Alongside the growth of national unions came the development of trades councils from around 1858 in major towns and cities. Bringing together unions locally, their aim was to co-ordinate support in disputes and to help create a climate of opinion more favourable to the unions. In 1868, the Manchester and Salford Trades Council called what is usually taken as the first meeting of what was to become the Trades Union Congress (TUC), an annual meeting to encourage collaboration between unions and put pressure on the government. By the 1870s, the TUC had a full-time general secretary and by 1895 representation at the TUC was restricted to unions, and trades councils were excluded altogether to avoid dual representation. The TUC’s Parliamentary Committee took a growing role in representing the union view to government. Industrial disputes continued, unsurprising at a time of rapid change when new working practices and technologies were being introduced. The major strikes were almost always about how work should be carried out and who could be employed on particular tasks; entry and preservation of craft status (which implied having served an apprenticeship) remained predominant aims. Most strikes began as unofficial affairs, later ratified by a sometimes reluctant national leadership; this feature was still evident a century later. But most union leaders had an interest in stability; apart from other considerations, strikes were a threat to their funds, and unions have never been well-funded. From the late eighteen hundreds, trade unions began to grow steadily, by the beginning of the 1880s, the number of trade unionists has been estimated at around three-quarters of a million, most in skilled trades although the majority of the workforce was unskilled. In the 1880s, led by seamen, dockers and gas workers who held notably successful strikes, serious organisation of the unskilled and semi-skilled began. Women too formed separate trade unions. The predominant ideology behind the craft unions had been Non-Conformism and self-help. During the period of the growth of new unions, socialism began to play a part and many young activists were inspired by it. But the climate tended towards the anarchic: these so-called ‘new unions’ competed with each other, often with intense inter-union rivalry. This was not confined to the new unions: new processes were blurring traditional patterns of working, and in engineering and shipbuilding there were demarcation disputes between the craft unions, refusals to support semi-skilled workmates in disputes, and even industrial action against them. There were growing demands for closed shops, in which only union members could be permitted to be employed, and blacklisting of employers not recognising unions increased. The result was a spate of legal actions in the 1890s, culminating in the Taff Vale Judgment of 1901 which held that trade unions could be held liable for wrongful acts committed by their officials. A further judgment, Quinn v Leathem, ruled that a strike could be regarded as a conspiracy to injure, and once again unions could be held liable for the damages. These judgments had the further effect of making the leadership of unions realise that a voice in Parliament was needed to protect their funds, and by 1904 over half the unions affiliated to the TUC were also affiliated to the Labour Representation Committee, the forerunner of the Labour Party. Legal developments aside, from the 1880s and up to the First World War, unions were increasingly recognised as having a legitimate place in society. Governments generally wanted social stability, which meant seeking to reinforce moderate union leaders against more militant elements. Many employers had concluded that seeking to exclude unions would be counter-productive, and employers’ associations like the Engineering Employers’ Federation developed to deal with unions and to provide assistance to their members in national and local bargaining. (Some employers, like those on the railways, did resist however and it is probably no coincidence that both the Taff Vale and Osborne Judgments involved railway companies. ) The terms â€Å"industrial relations† and â€Å"collective bargaining† entered the language, although it is difficult to say precisely when. Amalgamations of unions continued and membership grew rapidly: there were 4. 1 million trade unionists in 1914, as against 1. 5 million in 1894. By the 1860s the main industrial towns and cities of Britain were establishing many small Trade Councils. In 1886 trade unionists in Sheffield were accused of using arson and murder to intimidate non-unionists and this spurred the 34 leaders of these Councils to meet together in Manchester to consider forming a single large organisation that would provide a united voice in the defence of all Trade Unions and hence the Trade Union Congress (TUC) came to be. It was agreed an annual meeting would be held to discuss issues of importance to the labour movement. The legal status of trade unions in the United Kingdom was established by a Royal Commission in 1867, which agreed that the establishment of the organizations was to the advantage of both employers and employees. Unions were legalized in 1871. In 1871 Trade Unions were no longer considered to be unlawful and full legal protection was given to union funds and the year when the Criminal Law Amendment Act was passed which prohibited picketing and placed restrictions on the right to strike. Anybody who sought representation or felt they were subjected to poor working conditions, now knew where to go and who to go to. The Bryant May dispute was the first strike by unorganized workers to gain national publicity with 1400 women at Bryant and May going on strike, gaining support from many significant people in society. It was also successful as it helped inspire the formation of unions all over the country. However it is important not to over exaggerate the success of trade unions as by 1888 only 5% of the labour force were members of trade unions. Another turning point in history for trade unionism was the London Dockers Strike, where workers wanted better pay and shorter working hours and even gained financial support from trade unions in Australia which led them to a victory over their employers. Over the next few years a large number of unskilled workers joined trade unions. Between 1892 and 1899 membership of trade unions increased from 1,500,000 to over 2,000,000 as explained by McArthy (XXXX) Throughout the century, trade unionism went through many significant changes that widened its membership and allowed the movement to flourish. It is because of these changes and development within individual movements that more and more of society’s needs were being represented via trade unions. It was difficult though for unions to be largely representative at any one given point though due to big political movements that were also going on at the time and also because there still wasn’t quite the feeling of collectiveness amongst workers and unions weren’t largely representative of the majority of society until workers began to realise that grouping together against tyrannical employers could lead to change. For the most part, people have belonged to trade unions because they offer protection – in the early days to provide help in the absence of a welfare state, and then to counteract the greater economic strength of employers, to provide legal and other support to members who believe they suffer injustices, and to campaign for reform. They are products of their times, and like other institutions reflect the political and social atmosphere of their day, as well as their own histories. No doubt this will continue to be so in the future. How to cite Trade Unions and the Industrial Revolution, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Character Of Malvolio In Twelfth Night Essay Example For Students

Character Of Malvolio In Twelfth Night Essay In William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night we encounter several interesting characters. The character I found to be most interesting and most different from the others was Malvolio. Malvolio is the servant of Olivia. Although he belongs to the servant class, he believes strongly that he is better than the individuals that he serves. Malvolio often takes it upon himself to try to discipline others when Olivia is not around. For example he even takes it upon himself to discipline Sir Toby, his social superior. Malvolio appears to be a dedicated worker. Most of the time Olivia seems to appreciate the solemn dignity with which he carries out his duties, however, the others find him arrogant and regard him as an enemy. Malvolio, like Rosalind in As You Like It is in disguise. He pretends to be a Puritan. He dresses in black and never laughs. Throughout the movie we never see a smile on his face. This however, is merely a disguise that he assumes, that allows him to criticize others. Un der his black garments, lies a heart filled with vanity. He often daydreams that Olivia will marry him and as a result he will become her equal. He imagines himself wearing fine clothes and jewelry. He would then have command of the household, and he would then be able to get revenge on those who haven’t treated him respectfully. I find it ironic that Malvolio is more successful at fooling himself than he is at deceiving others. The other members of the household see through Malvolio’s hypocritical nature. Even Olivia, who seems to value Malvolio as a servant, says he is â€Å"sick of self love†, Act 1, Scene I, line 92). Though others can see through him, Malvolio fools himself completely. Maria says, he believes that â€Å"all that look on him love him†(Act II, sc.iii, l.152). He is sure that some accident of luck has caused a man as fine as him to be born a servant rather than a master. He believes that fortune will eventually correct that mistake. Mal volios self deception makes him the perfect target for Maria and Sir Tobys joke. Marias letter is only able to convince him that Olivia loves him because thats what he wants to believe. When the letter tells him to act proud and haughty, it only gives him permission to show how he already feels. His own pride causes him to act as foolishly as he does. Malvolios real downfall however, is not caused by foolishness. Nearly everybody in this play is foolish at one time or another. Unlike the others, however, Malvolio simply cannot laugh at himself, cannot recognize his faults. Therefore, he has no part in the healing that occurs at the end of the play. While the others are all laughing at themselves and forgiving each other, Malvolio clings to his anger. When he makes his final exit, he vows to take revenge on everybody. In Conclusion, from viewing the play I had a better understanding of the plot. I did however notice when trying to follow the movie with the play itself, that it was a little off. They first scene in the play is not acted until ten minutes into the movie. In the beginning of the play I felt like I was watching a remake of Titanic because everyone was jumping into the water. I also noticed that while I understood the purpose of Viola’s disguise, she didn’t look too masculine to me. I thought the power struggle between Malvolio and Sir Toby was very entertaining. It was portrayed in a light, flimsy manner. Overall the film wasn’t too bad to watch and I thought Helene Bonham Carter was fabulous in her role as Olivia. Shakespeare Essays